Actions: Simple, but powerful, warming stimulant to heart, blood circulation, nervous system and mucous membranes, but does not excite or quicken the pulse. Promotes action of secreting organs. Topical stimulant, rubefacient and analgesic.Uses: Poor circulation, cold extremities and pallid face. Weak nerve force. Torpid digestive system with indigestion and flatulence. Repressed secretions and to expel thick mucus. Hoarseness. Fevers. Alcoholic delirium tremens; opium and heroin addiction. Topically applied for rheumatic joint pain; nerve pain; shingles. Cautions: Do not take undiluted extract drops internally. Excessive internal doses may cause stomach irritation. Counteract with demulcent or fatty drinks (e.g., Marshmallow root, Slippery Elm bark or milk). Avoid contact with broken skin, eyes and mucous membranes. If topical use causes painful heating, wash area with hot soapy water or rubbing alcohol; flush eyes with lots of cool water. This information is for educational and research purposes only. It is not intended to medically prescribe or promote the sale of any product, nor is it intended to replace qualified medical healthcare. If you have, or think you have a condition which requires medical attention, you should promptly seek qualified healthcare.